Common seahorse is often preferred by advanced aquarist for their saltwater aquarium. Common seahorse is suitable for species-only tank so very few aquarium shop owners recommend it to beginner aquarium keeper. Common seahorse is available easily in almost every aquarium shop. If you’re from Asian region then you’ll be able to get them easily as many countries in Asian region export seahorse. Like kellogg’s seahorse, common seahorse is also preferred for medicine use.
Seahorse | Credit: George Grall
Seahorse Fast Facts:
- There are more than 35 known species of seahorse.
- Seahorse changes it’s color to match with surrounding.
- Seahorse is tropical species and found mostly in temperate coasts.
- Seahorse female keeps eggs in the pouch of male and male takes care of the babies.
- Seahorse couples are loyal to each other and once they mate they stick together for life.
- Seahorse can’t curl their tail backwards.
- Seahorse couple mate under full moon.
- There are many patterns on seahorse body like “zebra pattern” and “spot pattern” and few more.
- Lifespan of seahorse in the wild is about 1 to 5 years.
- Seahorse have no teeth and stomach and because of their digestive system they need to feed themselves continuously.
Size & Color: They grow up to size of about 11 inches. Color of common seahorse varies from black spot to complete yellow. 50 gallon of tank is sufficient for common seahorse.
ph & temperature: They need temperature of about 22°C – 24°C. Ph inside aquarium should be 8.1 – 8.4 and carbonate hardness should be 8 – 12°dKH.
Food: Common seahorse prefers crustaceans and small shrimp.If they’re juvenile then you can feed them on frozen food or live food like shrimp food. In the wild they prefer crustaceans, zooplankton, larvae and worms. As they’re ambush predators so you should give them live food like shrimp or frozen flake discs.
Breeding: You’ll find it hard to breed them in home aquarium and depending on the size of the tank you’ll find it hard to feed the fry. Female seahorse usually puts eggs in the pouch of male seahorse and from there male takes care of the babies till they swim on their own. Fry takes about 2-3 weeks to mature. It’s hard to find out gender unless they mature upto 6 months and from there observing anal fin will be a one good hint as female has larger anal fin than male.
Behavior : They’re quite peaceful so you can place them with other peaceful fishes in the tank. Avoid placing them with large size fishes like queen angelfish, tangs etc. If you place them in the tank where other fishes are hard eaters then you’ll find that seahorse starving for food. So place them in reef tank or species only tank.
Common seahorse is available at price of about 30$ and if you’re ordering online then shipping will cost more so try and order them from nearest aquarium. For advanced aquarist seahorse is one good addition for reef tank or species only tank. If any beginner aquarium keeper wants to try seahorse then make sure the tank completes aquarium nitrogen cycle else don’t bother to place them in it.