For beginner saltwater aquarist royal gramma or fairy basslet is good choice. Their origin is from deeper waters in the Caribbean.They’re preferred as beginner aquarium fish due to their peaceful nature, diet and ofcourse small size. They’re also proved to be a good tank-mate for saltwater aquarium fishes. They’re available at price of about 10$ to 25$ in any local aquarium shops.
Royal gramma fish often appears as middle dwellers but often they’re also seen as dwelling at the bottom.
Size & color : Royal gramma has front half dark purple side with yellow color fading from the middle of the body. Size increases upto 4 inches in length. They’re known for their lifespan of about 3-5 years. Some people report that their royal gramma lived upto 10 years.
Ph & Temperature: Ph in the range of 8.1 to 8.4 is needed to maintain in the tank. Temperature of about 22°C – 27°C is required to maintain for royal gramma. Hardness in the water is supposed to be at 8 – 12dKH. You need to have tank of about 30 gallon in order to keep this fish.
Food: Royal gramma prefers vitamin enriched flakes, pellets and live foods. You’ll notice fluctuation in color if their diet is varied. They often accept dried food as well. It is suggested that you should give them frozen or fresh meaty foods and live foods, such as brine shrimp whenever possible.
Breeding: Royal gramma often spawns in captivity that usually occurs in small caves or pitt. It is suggested that you should have some stones and marbles for their shelter or as small cave. If you’re interested in breeding royal gramma then there is nothing much care you need to take other than giving them some hiding place like stone cave or pitt.Fry is known to be born as female but later change sex to males. Male are more colorful than females and also increase in length slightly.
Behavior: Royal gramma is not supposed to be placed in group. You can place one male and female per tank. If they’re placed more in number then they usually attack each other and there is always seems to be some conflict within their own kind. You need to avoid keeping them with other aggressive saltwater fishes as they can chase off and attack other aggressive fishes as well. Avoid keeping them with Lionfish, Snappers, Grouper, Triggers, els or any other predatory fish. If you maintain proper aquarium then they’ll appear quite active in the tank.
Royal gramma is resistant to the most of diseases but still you need to take care of them from most of serious infections. Royal gramma is quite peaceful but tries to protect his cave or the area where hangs around so if kept in the tank of non-aggressive saltwater fish you can expect no conflict from them. Royal gramma is perfect choice for the saltwater aquarium provided that there are no smaller invertebrates and other saltwater aggressive fishes.